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15th International Conference on Neurology and Neuromuscular Disorders, will be organized around the theme “Effects of Neurological disorders on quality of life”

Neurology Conference 2022 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Neurology Conference 2022

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Pediatric neurology or child neurology refers to a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of neurological conditions in neonates (newborns), infants, children and adolescents. The discipline of child neurology encompasses diseases and disorders of the spinal cord, brain, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system, muscles and blood vessels that affect individuals in these age groups. If a child has problems that involve the nervous system, a pediatric neurologist has the specialist training and knowledge to assess, diagnose and treat the child. The conditions dealt with by pediatric neurologists vary considerably, from relatively simple disorders such as migraine or cerebral palsy through to more complex and rare conditions such as metabolic disease or neurodegenerative disorders.
 
Genetic diseases of the nervous system
Childhood epilepsy
Autism spectrum disorders
Intellectual disability
Neuromuscular medicine
Hydrocephalus or excess fluid build-up in the brain
Movement disorders such as cerebral palsy
Febrile seizures
Congenital birth defects affecting the brain and spinal cord such as spina bifida
Neurological developmental problems during childhood


Psychosomatic Disorders is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in bodily organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the glands of internal secretion. Psychosomatic disorders resulting from stress may include hypertension, respiratory ailments, gastrointestinal disturbances, migraine and tension headaches, pelvic pain, impotence, frigidity, dermatitis, and ulcers.



Neurology is a branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the nervous system. It deals with the detailed study and medication of all division of conditions and disorder involving the central and peripheral nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels and all effector tissue such as muscle. Neurological system relies heavily on the field of neuroscience, the scientific study of the nervous system. The doctor who specially designed in neurology is known as neurologist. The neurologist experienced to investigate or diagnose and treat a neurological disorder that affects the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Neurologists do not implement surgery if any patient requires surgery they refer to neurosurgeons.




Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control our own voluntary muscles. Voluntary muscles are the ones which we can control by our self like in your arms and legs. Your nerve cells also called as neurons, send the messages that control these muscles. When the neurons become delicate or die, communication between your nervous system and muscles breaks down.  As a result, your muscles weaken and waste away this weakness can lead to twitching, cramps, aches, pains, and joint and movement problems. Frequently it also affects heart function and your ability to breathe.More than a million people in the United States are affected by some form of neuromuscular disease, and about 40 percent of them are under age18.




  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis


  • Multiple sclerosis


  • Myasthenia gravis


  • Spinal muscular atrophy



Neurosurgery or neurological surgery is the medicinal specialty concerned with the prevention, detailed study, surgical treatment and improvement of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. A doctor who specializes in neurosurgery is known as Neurosurgeon they are not only brain surgeons, but they can medically trained neurosurgical specialists who can also help patients suffering from back and neck pain along with other illnesses ranging from trigeminal neuralgia to head injury and Parkinson's disease.




  • Vascular neurosurgery


  • Stereotactic neurosurgery/ functional neurosurgery


  • Oncological neurosurgery


  • Skull base surgery


  • Spinal Neurosurgery



 



The COVID -19 pandemic caused by acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus is of a scale that has not seen since influenza pandemic 1918. Although visible symptoms are associated with respiratory disease but neurological indication is being recognized increasingly. Growing number of cases has shown some neurological indication, where patients needs to be hospitalized or needed ICU.



It is seen that SARS-CoV-2 infection could be associated with the increased occurrence of neurological indication.Such as encephalopathy and encephalomyelitis, ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage, anosmia and neuromuscular diseases. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has affected all areas of medicine. It directly or indirectly causes neurological dysfunction in the body after or during the infection. Many reports shown  a decline in the care of covid 19 patients with neurological disorders due to the special demands on health care systems during the pandemic.



Disorders:




  • Encephalopathy


  • Meningoencephalitis


  • Guillain– barre syndrome (acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuritis –AIDP)


  • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis


  • Epilepsy


  • Chemosensory disturbances



 



Psychiatry is the restorative forte committed to the determination, avoidance, and treatment of the mental issue. These incorporate different maladaptations identified with disposition, conduct, comprehension, and observations. Introductory mental appraisal of a man ordinarily starts with a case history and mental status detailed study. Psychology is the science of behaviour and minds which including conscious and unconscious conditions as well as thought and feeling. Physical detailed study’s and mental tests might be directed examples like neuroimaging or other neurophysiological procedures are utilized.




 



Spine disorders occur in individuals irrespective of their age -spina bifida in infants to spinal stenosis in the elderly. Causes of spinal cord disorders include mainly injuries, infections, blocked blood supply, and compression by a fractured bone or a tumor. The boost in spinal disorders has been met with a leap in advancements in the diagnostic techniques. Endoscopic spine, MRI, X- rays CT and DEA are some of the generally used tools in diagnosing spinal disorders.




 



Neurogenetic and neurometabolic abnormalities are disorders that affect how the brain functions. They occur in young children of all ages, races and genders. Neurogenetic disease is the umbrella term of chronic diseases which describe the brain abnormalities that occur following changes in the genes of the child and these cause certain brain cells to develop and function abnormally. In the case of neurometabolic abnormalities; these disorders result from problems in the enzymes of the body’s cells which are either unable to either use foods to produce the energy the cell needs, or get rid of the breakdown products of the foods used.




  • Biochemical genetics


  • Gene mutation and disease


  • Neural engineering


  • Genetic engineering and gene sequencing


  • Cancer neurogenetics



Sometimes microorganisms invade the body, infect several organs and produce minor disturbances to serious problems. Common symptoms of disease are Pain, swelling, redness, and dysfunction. There may be heat in the infected area.



Common neurological infections:




  • Brain inflammation


  • Spinal cord inflammation


  • HIV


  • Infection which causes AIDS and damage immune system of body



 



The neuromuscular system involves all the muscles of the body and with the help of nerves connect with each other. There are a variety of neuromuscular disorders that can happens in children and affect the peripheral nervous system, which includes muscles, nerve-muscle, border nerves in organs and spinal cord cells. Neurology occurs in 6 in 1 lakh children. Neuromuscular disorders require clinical care by the physician or other health care professional.




 



Muscular dystrophy is a category of inherited diseases which specify the weakness and muscle damage tissue, with or without nerve damage. The famous muscular dystrophies is Duchenne muscular dystrophy.



It includes:




 



Specific neuromuscular diseases affecting borderline nerves, neuromuscular joints or muscles have a wide clinical spectrum with a variety of pathogenetic system. The peripheral nervous system can be directed at the context of post-infectious immune reaction or paraneoplastic syndromes. Pathogenetic system interacts between two antigen cells, B cells and T cells.



Some subtopics are:




 



Neuropsychology deals with both Neurology and Psychology. It is the study and characterization of the behavioural modifications that follow a neurological trauma or condition. Neurorehabilitation is a complex medical process helps in recovering from nervous system injury or minimize any functional alterations.





  •  Cortical remapping





  •  Clearly requiring controlled





  •  Intensive stimulation of impaired brain networks




Neuroplasticity is also known as brain plasticity and neural plasticity that encompasses the two synaptic and non-synaptic plasticity and it refers to advance in neural pathways and synapses due to difference in behavior, environment, neural processes, thinking, and emotions  as well as to changes resulting from bodily. The goal of this session is to understand the brain plasticity advances in neurite remodeling and how to increase neural connections. 

  • Cortical remapping
  • Clearly requiring controlled
  • Intensive stimulation of impaired brain networks
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Brain injury
  • Post-polio syndrome


The abnormal cell growth and sudden reactions taking place from central nervous system results in brain tumor. Neuro-oncology is the study of brain and spinal cord neoplasms, which are very dangerous and life-threatening. Astrocytoma, glioblastoma, glioma, multiforme, ependymoma, pontine glioma, and brain stem tumours are some of the examples. Surgery may in some cases be the medicinal but malignant brain cancers turn to regenerate and emerge from absolution easily, especially highly malignant cases.




  • Metastatic tumours


  • Skull metastasis


  • Spinal metastasis


  • Peri-tumoral factors


  • Morphological changes


  • Blood-Brain barrier disruption (BBB)



 



Neuroradiology focuses on the nervous system and uses neuroimaging techniques to gain understanding and information about the condition of the patients. It helps doctors to find the irregularities of the brain, head as well as neck. Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) these are the test by which machine takes high resolution picture of inner body. People will also be advancements in brain computer interface and deep brain studies.




  • Neural technology


  • Neuroimaging techniques



 



Patients with neuromuscular disease may develop respiratory failure due to weakness of the respiratory muscles, hypotonia of the bulbar muscles, existing anatomical tendencies, and decreased central respiratory drive. Respiratory neuromuscular failure can occur as a serious condition or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.




  • Distal myopathy


  • Bulbar weakness


  • Pompe disease


  • Limb girdle muscular



 



Various neurology conferences are held all over the world in order to enhance and empower the knowledge of neuroscience. Addressing all areas pertinent to this endeavor concentrating on Novel therapeutics and Diagnostics at the cellular and molecular level.  There is a profound increase in the diagnostics procedure and drug discovery in the field of Neurology.



In order to accelerate the discovery of novel diagnostic therapy, the ICN 2020 encourages the gathering of researchers in order to discuss on the theme Stem cells in neurological disorder and treatment, Nerve injury and repair, Sleep disorders and headache, Neurogenesis, Neurotransmitter release and cell repair



Neuroscience sometimes called as neural science, and it is one of the most specialized fields of medicine in the world. This field of drug focuses on the health of the nervous system including the brain and spinal cord. Neuroscience nurse is a nursing professional that advice patients suffering from neurological problems like injuries such as head and spinal trauma from accidents or disorder such as Parkinson’s disease, meningitis, encephalitis, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis. Neuroscience nurses also effort with patients suffering from strokes and birth defects that have affected the nervous system.




 



Neuropharmacology is the detailed study of how drugs influence cellular function in the nervous system and the neural system through which they influence behavior. There are two branches of neuropharmacology behavioral and molecular. Behavioral mainly focuses on the study of how drugs that affects human behavior (neuropsychopharmacology) including the study of how drug dependence and addiction affect the human brain. Molecular neuropharmacology involves the study of neurons and their neurochemical communication with the overall goal of developing drugs that have beneficial effects on neurological function.